|Eritrea . be
Governors Palace, Asmara Eritrea
EritreaBefore the advent of the Italians at the end of the 19th century, the history of Eritrea is characterized by the domination of various powers, such as the Turks and Egyptians. From 1557, the Massawa coastal area was under the rule of the Ottomans until the Egyptians took possession in 1865. The Italians took it in 1889 when they formally declared Eritrea as their colony. The Italian rule lasted till 1941.
Then the British at the onset of World War II ousted them. Eritrea was placed under British military administration until 1952 when Eritrea was federated with Ethiopia (1952-1962) and was finally annexed as a province of Ethiopia. The unpopular Federation and subsequent annexation of Eritrea with Ethiopia led to an armed struggle for liberation which began in September 1961 and would last more then 30 years, until Eritrea was finally liberated in May 24th 1991.
Eritrea offers an untamed landscape of astonishing diversity, an interior rich in historical remains, a coastal gateway to some outstanding diving spots, and a broad, hospitable welcome. Eritrea will prove irresistible to those seeking adventure.
Traditional Eritrean coffee ceremony
Catholic Cathedral, Asmara Eritrea
Asmara (Asmera), Eritrea's capital is situated on the eastern edge of Eritrea's highland plateau. Asmara enjoys a great climate, clean and picturesque streets, attractive palm trees, and a reputation as one of the safest, calm and alluring capital cities in Africa. The name
Asmara is derived from Arbaete Asmara which literally means, in the Tigrinya language, "the four (villages) are united".
Turkish architecture Massawa Eritrea
The main port serving Eritrea, Massawa
(Massaua) became an urban center in ancient times.
Massawa is the largest natural deep water port on the Red Sea. Massawa is divided into three parts:
Batse, Tualud, and the mainland. The island Batse comprises the ancient historical center with interesting houses, hotels, squares and religious buildings. and is a marvelous place to wander about.
Mosque, Nacfa Eritrea
(Nakfa) the major town in the Sahel region of Eritrea, holds a special significance for the Eritrean people, being the home of the EPLF during their struggle for independence from Ethiopia.
Nacfa is therefore the heart of collective Eritrean self-determination. The Eritrean currency, Nakfa, is named after this town.
Traditional dwellings, Keren Eritrea
The mountain city Keren
(Cheren), which means "highland" is one of the five major secondary towns in Eritrea.
Keren is one of the major agricultural centers of Eritrea, particularly for fruits and vegetables. In addition its dairy herds supply fresh milk, butter and the cheese factory produces provolone and other cheeses.
Grande mosque, Agordat Eritrea
(Akordat) is located between the Barka river and the Gash river. The area is famous for its banana plantations. The Akat trees or Doum Palms seen along the Barka River are known for their fruit. The
Agordat mosque, the second largest in Eritrea was build by Haile Selassie in 1963.
Coptic Church, Mendefera Eritrea
Mendefera is also known as Adi
Ugri. It is a bustling market town. The name derives from the high hill in the center of the city and is a source of pride to the people of Eritrea.
Mendefera means "no one dared" and is a reminder of the fierce resistance put up by the local people to the Italian colonialism.
|Eritrea A A
|Adi Keih (Adi Keyih)
|Adi Quala (Adi Kwala)
|Arts and musea
|Chamber of Commerce
|Climate of Eritrea
|Currency Declaration Form
|Dankalia / Denkalia
|Debubawi Kayih Bahri
|Ethiopia, border dispute
|History of Asmara
|History of Eritrea
|History of the Nakfa
|Import - export
|Internet Service Providers
|Luggage for Eritrea
|Map of Eritrea
|Ministry of Tourism
|Nacfa (town, Nakfa)
|Routes & distances
|Sembel Residentional Complex
|Semenani Kayih Bahri
|Temporary Security Zone
|Tourism Service Center
|Travel agencies (Asmara)
|UNMEE HQ (Asmara)
|Feedback, suggestions, information: firstname.lastname@example.org These information pages about Eritrea are the continuation of the information published on "Home page of Mebrat Tzehaie" and "Walking in Asmara" by the same author. By publishing this information we hope to contribute to the development of tourism to Eritrea. The pages are dedicated to my wife, Mebrat Tzehaie, and the people of Eritrea. It is the least I can do to show them my deepest apreciation for the way they treated me when I visited Eritrea in 1999 and every year since.